What is Energy Risk Management? Types & Ways To Manage

Energy Risk Management

The energy industry is undergoing a massive shift towards cleaner and renewable sources because of climate change concerns. This transition brings new risks that energy companies must navigate carefully.

What is Energy Risk Management? Energy risk management is identifying and assessing risks in commodity prices and regulations. This article will explore essential energy risk management areas and present some strategies for identifying, assessing, and mitigating the risks. Proactive risk management will position energy companies for long-term success during this transformation.

What is Energy Risk Management?

Energy risk management is the process of recognizing, assessing, and examining the potential dangers of uncertainty and instability in both commodity prices and regulations. It is also about ensuring energy products align with the overall operational strategy of a business.

Energy risk management involves several key steps:

  • Step 1: Understanding the types of risks the company might encounter in its operations and business environment. This includes identifying potential problems or threats.
  • Step 2: Analyze each risk carefully – how likely it is to occur and how much impact it could have. Evaluating which risks are most crucial based on the company’s goals and tolerance for risk.
  • Step 3: Develop clear strategies and actions to reduce, control, or prepare for those high-priority risks. This could involve minimizing the chances of a risk happening or lessening its potential impacts.
  • Step 4: Monitor continuously for any changes or new risks that may emerge over time. Keeping track of ongoing risk factors.
  • Step 5: Communicate risks clearly to managers, employees, investors, and others who have a stake in the company’s success.
Energy Risk Management

By managing risks in this comprehensive way, energy companies can make better decisions, protect themselves, comply with rules, and take advantage of opportunities—even as the energy industry changes rapidly. Robust risk management processes are vital for energy businesses’ long-term strength and growth.

What Types of Energy Management Risks?

Here are a total of 15 risks in energy management:

  • Market/Price Risk.
  • Credit/Default Risk.
  • Modelling/Valuation Risk.
  • Financing/Financial Risk.
  • Operational Risk.
  • Volumetric Risk.
  • Business Continuity Risk.
  • Financial Reporting Risk.
  • Environmental Risk.
  • Strategic/Franchise risk.
  • Operational risk.
  • Staffing/Organizational risk.
  • Regulatory risk.
  • Political risk.
  • Technological risk.

Quantifiable Risk Type

Many energy companies have developed and implemented strong risk management capabilities. They have been particularly effective at handling more traditional risk areas, such as financial risks, which can be more easily measured and quantified.

  1. Market/Price Risk: Energy companies face significant uncertainty in financial performance due to volatile commodity market prices (market price risk) and rapidly shifting pricing relationships between markets (basis risk). Varying prices for natural gas, oil, coal, and refined products can create major uncertainty in a company’s procurement costs and impact profitability and cash flows.
  2. Credit/Default Risk: It is the potential that a counterparty fails to meet its contractual obligations, including the risk of non-payment from suppliers, trading partners, or customers. Businesses can manage exposure through well-defined credit policies with risk limits and requirements for counterparties.
  3. Modelling/Valuation Risk: Inaccurate inputs, assumptions, or methodologies in quantitative models can lead to fundamental deficiencies in how transactions, assets, and liabilities are valued. This modelling risk from simplifications or data quality issues creates uncertainty in marking positions to market and assessing risk exposures accurately.
  4. Financing/Financial Risk: Access to capital, cost of capital, debt levels, liquidity management, and overall financial strength are key financial risks. Energy companies require substantial investments and must manage risks around interest rates, forex volatility, credit ratings, and conditions in debt/equity markets.
  5. Operational Risk: Weaknesses or failures in internal processes, workforce capabilities, systems, data quality, and operating procedures can undermine business performance. For energy firms, this includes risks like power plant outages, equipment failures, labour strikes, and cyber incidents.
  6. Volumetric Risk: Deviations from forecasted energy demand create volumetric risk exposure. For utilities, these uncertainties are driven by economic conditions, customer attrition, energy efficiency, customer-sited generation like rooftop solar, and weather abnormalities.
  7. Business Continuity Risk: This kind of risk includes natural disasters, geopolitical crises, pandemic events, and other major disruptions. They threaten the ongoing operations and service delivery of an energy business.
  8. Financial Reporting Risk: Failures in accounting processes, controls, or corporate governance can lead to misstatements or omissions in external financial reports and regulatory filings, damaging stakeholder confidence.
  9. Environmental Risk means evolving climate change regulations, emissions policies, natural resource constraints, and environmentally driven changes in the energy landscape.
Energy Management Risks

Difficult-to-quantify Risk Type

  • Strategic/Franchise risk: Franchise businesses can face problems that make it hard for them to be successful. These problems include legal issues, not following rules, inconsistent operations, reputation damage, money troubles, and market changes.
  • Operational risk: Operational risk refers to the potential for losses or failures due to internal processes not working properly, such as people making mistakes, system breakdowns, or external events. It covers many kinds of issues that can disrupt a business’s daily operations.
  • Staffing/Organizational risk: Employees are a company’s most valuable asset. If employees become unmotivated, stressed, or have negative attitudes, it can really hurt the business’s productivity and performance.
  • Regulatory risk: The energy industry has a lot of rules and regulations meant to ensure fair prices, promote competition, and protect the environment. Changes to these rules and regulations can impact energy prices, make certain energy sources less viable, and create new requirements for businesses to follow.
  • Political risk: Companies operate in areas with varying governance styles, and public attitudes towards their activities can change over time. Additionally, significant economic actors may aim to maximize their own benefits from participating in the energy industry, potentially at the expense of other industry players.
  • Technological risk: While these advances have supported and informed shifts in business models across the value chain, they also increase risk exposures and require improved IT risk management (ITRM) processes.

What are The Benefits of Energy Risk Management for Enterprises?

Adopting a solid energy risk management strategy can really pay off for businesses in all kinds of industries. And an effective ERM approach is extremely beneficial for organizations across various industries.

  • Ensuring compliance with governance requirements by adhering to laws and regulations, particularly those related to oversight and governance. For starters, it helps them stay on the right side of the law by making sure they follow all the relevant rules, regulations, and oversight requirements
  • An effective risk management approach can also deliver some serious financial perks, such as better credit ratings, more favourable insurance policies, and a thumbs-up from analysts and stakeholders. By getting a better handle on risk, companies can free up capital that might otherwise be tied up unnecessarily. That means more money to invest wisely and make smart spending decisions.
  • Better management of risk exposure by understanding risk concentrations across risk types, commodities, and business units, taking advantage of portfolio effects, identifying situations where aggregate risk exceeds risk appetite, and optimizing risk control/response strategies.
  • We need to get smarter about spotting openings to customize our risk management offerings for clients. By baking the “cost of risk” into how we plan new business ventures and track performance, energy risk management can turn energy trading and risk management into a competitive advantage.
  • Striking a balance between a centralized, top-down view of risk across the company and empowering teams on the ground to manage risk in their areas. Get that operational efficiency piece right, with the right mix of oversight and autonomy.
Benefits of Energy Risk Management

How Can Businesses Manage Risk with ERM Maturity Models?

An ERM risk maturity model can help organizations evaluate how advanced or developed their energy risk management practices are. It is also a great tool for enterprises to assess how effectively they are achieving their risk management goals. When fully integrated into an organization’s ERM program, the maturity model becomes a guiding framework for their ERM strategy.

Initial/Ad Hoc

At the Initial/Ad Hoc stage, risk management is largely undefined and uncoordinated across the business. Some risks may be covered by insurance, but many are self-insured. People react to risks as they emerge without much planning or consistency. Relevant experiences are not leveraged to improve processes.


In the Fragmented stage, while risk management functions exist in some business units, there is no enterprise-wide coordination. Units manage risks independently, often focusing only on specific risk types like insurable hazards, quantifiable market/credit risks, or compliance risks. Risk activities are performed by a few specialists.


The Comprehensive stage sees the establishment of risk governance and oversight policies. Risk management spans multiple risk types and all business units, including difficult-to-quantify operational risks. While units coordinate on common risks, exposures are still measured separately rather than holistically.


At the Integrated level, risk governance policies are largely defined, and risk management is integrated across units and potentially with strategic planning. Risks are managed on a portfolio basis with aggregation across types and units, using metrics like Cash Flow at Risk. Risk treatment strategies are fully integrated.


The Strategic stage represents risk management maturity, with all aspects of governance defined. Risk activities focus on value creation as well as preservation. Strategic plans and capital allocations are dynamically adjusted based on new risk data. Businesses use risk management as a competitive advantage to pursue opportunities when embedding it across the operational system.

Building ERM System with Light Up Energy

At Light Up Energy, our comprehensive services help businesses effectively manage their energy needs as part of a robust Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) system.

Building ERM System with Light Up Energy
  • Energy Advice: We are an impartial energy consultancy working with a wide array of business electricity and gas suppliers. Our transparent and professional guidance allows us to recommend tariffs and contracts tailored precisely to each business’s unique requirements. This personalized approach ensures energy costs and associated risks remain well-controlled.
  • Energy Contract Management: We take a different approach from the typical transactional energy consultancy. Rather than only interacting during contract renewals, we prioritize building long-term partnerships with continuous support. Throughout our relationship, clients can depend on our ongoing counsel to keep energy contracts carefully managed and risks mitigated.
  • Business Electricity: With electricity contracts growing increasingly intricate due to environmental taxes and non-energy charges, our consultants dive deep to understand each client’s needs. We balance price and performance optimally, helping mitigate the risks of mismanaged electricity costs.
  • Business Gas Service: Comparing gas tariffs is complex – looking beyond just unit rates is essential for an accurate market comparison. We account for the diverse gas requirements across businesses when sourcing the ideal tariff to deliver top value while controlling cost risks.

FAQs about Energy Risk Management

Managing risks is crucial for energy companies, and an effective Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) approach can provide valuable support in their energy risk management.

1. What are IT Challenges for The ERM Capability?

If the ERM databases are not secure, flexible, and accessible, then the resulting risk analysis, evaluation, and management will be compromised. Since most energy companies’ fully functional ERM IT solutions comprise multiple systems and databases, system and data integration plays a critical role in the overall success of the ERM program.

2. Can ERM help energy companies in transitioning to renewable sources?

Yes, ERM can facilitate the transition to renewable energy sources by identifying the associated risks. It helps companies mitigate regulatory changes, technological disruptions, and market volatility while capitalizing on opportunities in the renewable energy space.

3. How does ERM influence investment decisions in the energy sector?

ERM provides a comprehensive view of risks across the enterprise and enables energy companies to evaluate potential investments based on their risk profiles. Also, ERM helps companies make informed investment choices aligned with their risk and long-term goals.

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Light Up Energy
Light Up Energy
Light Up Energy, founded by hospitality experts with 20+ years of experience, helps businesses save money via innovative energy management strategies.

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